Does Smell-O-Vision Have A Chance In Today's Audiences?

Category Engineering

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The City University of Hong Kong, Beihang University, and other research teams have developed a new wireless, wearable device that can provide aromas in virtual reality spaces for a new level of immersion for users. While this could be a powerful innovation, it has to overcome the stigma of its past attempts in order to be a truly viable option for modern audiences.

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Grounding Line of Greenland's Petermann Glacier Mystery Solved: 200% Increase in Sea Level Rise Projection

Category Science

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A new study conducted by researchers from University of California, Irvine and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory found that the warming of subsurface ocean waters, due to Earth's changing climate, could cause an estimate of 200% in sea level rise projections for ocean-ending glaciers if included in models.

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In-Memory Sensing and Computing for Artificial Intelligence Applications

Category Machine Learning

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A team of scientists have developed a device that is able to sense, store, and process light-sensitive data and images using a two-terminal solution-processable MoS2 based metal–oxide–semiconductor (MOS) device. The device provides high temperature retention, low power consumption, and is capable of in-memory computing. It is suitable for revolutionary AI applications such as autonomous cars and robotics.

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The Role of Bacteria in Parkinson's Disease Development

Category Science

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A new study from researchers from the University of Helsinki and the University of Eastern Finland has found that Desulfovibrio bacteria found in the human gut may play a key role in the development of Parkinson's disease. The findings indicate that specific strains of this bacteria are likely to cause Parkinson’s disease, with environmental exposure to the bacteria being a major factor. The resulting toxins can travel towards the brain via the vagus nerve, where they cause alpha-synuclein proteins to form toxic clumps, a key feature in the pathology of Parkinson’s disease.

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The Risk of Microplastic Pollution From Plastic Recycling Facilities

Category Science

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A recent study conducted in Scotland points out that the process of breaking down the plastic for recycling may be responsible for increasing microplastic concentration in the washing water, which is often later released into the city water systems or the environment. The filtration that gets used tries to remove the larger microplastics, but it is not effective for plastic particles smaller than 10µm. This emphasizes the need to improve filtration systems and reduce release of contaminants in plastic recycling facilities to prevent irreparable damage to the environment.

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Caterpillar-Bot: A Soft Robot Inspired by Nature

Category Technology

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NC State Scientists have developed a caterpillar-inspired soft robot capable of moving forward, backward, and squeezing through tight spaces, which is powered by a unique pattern of silver nanowires and two layers of polymer that respond differently when exposed to heat.

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Exploring the Benefits and Challenges of Artificial General Intelligence

Category Machine Learning

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The leading AI guru Ben Goertzel provides insight into the potential and risks of the rapidly evolving field of Artificial General Intelligence. AGI has the potential to replace 80 percent of human jobs, and it is just years away from being developed. It would bring many benefits for society, but the potential for disruption of the labor market must be addressed.

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Rocket Lab launches NASA's cyclone satellites

Category Engineering

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Rocket Lab launched a pair of NASA CubeSats to orbit aboard the company's Electron rocket, almost a year after another rocket failed to send the first of the small satellites into space. The CubeSats are designed to monitor the development of tropical storms with a four-satellite system providing hourly updates aiming to help those in storm paths. Rocket Lab has plans to send a private mission to Venus this year and is also developing a system that can catch rockets out of the sky.

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The Potential to Reverse Aging: Promise of Alpha-ketoglutarate and Repurposed Drugs for Human Healthspan

Category Science

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Rejuvant has conducted human medical studies where aging biomarkers have been reversed to reduce measured biological age. Professor Brian Kennedy and Professor Andrea Maier at the Centre for Healthy Longevity at Alexandra Hospital are executing studies to test novel nutritional supplements and repurposed drugs to slow aging. Alpha-ketoglutarate, metformin, and strength training have been identified as potential interventions.

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Mitochondrial Metabolite and Inflammatory Reactions Linked

Category Health

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A new study has revealed a link between a mitochondrial metabolite and an inflammatory response, which could be the trigger for cancer and autoimmune diseases. It was found that fumarate, an oncogenic metabolite, causes mitochondrial damage and the release of mitochondrial DNA and RNA, leading to an immune response that causes inflammation.

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From Muons to History: Discovering Ancient Greek Settlement Remains in Naples, Italy

Category Science

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Researchers have discovered a 2,500-year-old Greek settlement beneath Naples, Italy. By using muography, they have identified a Hellenistic necropolis which is nearly 33 feet (10 meters) below street level. This settlement contains temples, a forum, and numerous tombs.

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Heavy Elements Found on Ultra-Hot Exoplanet KELT-9 b

Category Space

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KELT-9 b, located 670 light years away and with an average temperature of 4,000 degrees Celsius, is the galaxy's hottest exoplanet and the first to have the rare metal terbium found on its atmosphere. This finding occurred after the development of a new method for analyzing exoplanets, enabling them to study it in more detail and learn more about the atmospheres of other exoplanets. This is an important development in helping us find Earth 2.0 in the future.

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The Xenobot: An Incredible Living Machine

Category Engineering

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Xenobot is a living machine created by some US researchers, comprised of skin and heart cells. It is made from the stem cells of an African frog and is the first living programmable robot built with the active contribution of artificial intelligence and biology. The Xenobot is 1mm long or less and can perform certain functions, and its creation involves using a supercomputer programmed with an evolutionary algorithm and microsurgery tools to join thousands of cells together one after the other.

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The Extensive Data Collection of Your Smart Fridge

Category Technology

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An investigation into the data collected by a Samsung refrigerator has provided insight into just how much data these IoT devices can contain. From Bluetooth devices to smart user accounts, a surprisingly large amount of details are stored, many of which can lie unseen until an investigation starts. Police use of this data is starting to grow, and it's becoming an increasingly important part of crime scene evidence.

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Understanding Artificial Intelligence Predictions In Augmented Reality (XAIR Framework)

Category Science

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Meta Realilty Labs recently developed the XAIR Framework, a framework designed to help developers make artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning tools easier to understand by providing more effective explanations for AI predictions in augmented reality (AR) scenarios. XAIR is the first framework of its kind to facilitate the design of explainable AI for AR applications, which it does so by identifying five key factors that determine the design of the 'when, what, how' aspects.

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COVID-19 Vaccines Linked With Slight Increase in Menstrual Bleeding Quantity

Category Science

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A new international study from the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology has found that women vaccinated for COVID-19 have a slightly higher risk for a heavier period after vaccination, though the changes are small and typically return to normal in the next menstrual cycle.

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Giraffes Pose a Probabilistic Challenge to Big Brain Paradigm

Category Science

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In a recent Nature study, researchers found that giraffes, despite having small brains relative to their body size, are able to make inferences based on statistical information. This means that probabilistic reasoning may not be as rare as we think among animals and makes giraffes more human in a sense.

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The Risks and Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

Category Machine Learning

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The White House has called on top executives from Google, Microsoft, OpenAI and Anthropic to discuss the potential of Artificial Intelligence, both its benefits and risks. US regulators have begun to explore ways to introduce regulation on AI, while Google and OpenAI have tested chatbot products. AI presents both risks and rewards to consumers, and the White House is seeking to ensure that the public is protected from potential harms.

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Research Reports Successful Fetal Surgery to Fix a Potentially Deadly Vascular Malformation in the Brain

Category Health

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Researchers have successfully performed a first-of-its-kind in-utero fetal surgery to repair an aggressive, rare vascular malformation, called vein of Galen malformation, in a fetus, which is expected to reduce heart failure and brain injury after birth.

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